Article | April 9, 2024

Host Cell Impurities, Bioassays, Micro-Flow Imaging

Source: Alcami
Scientists laboratory research-GettyImages-1938554515

Ensuring the safety and efficacy of cutting-edge biopharmaceuticals hinges on meticulous quality control measures. This article explores the critical role of quantitative real-time polymerase chain reaction (qPCR) and Micro-Flow Imaging (MFI) in safeguarding biologic drugs from potential contamination with residual host cell DNA.

The production of biopharmaceuticals, a rapidly growing class of drugs encompassing vaccines and antibodies, relies on living cells. However, these cellular factories can leave behind unwanted traces of their genetic material, known as host cell DNA. Regulatory agencies have established strict limitations on the amount of host cell DNA permissible in final drug products due to potential safety concerns.

This article delves into the application of qPCR as a highly sensitive and reliable technique for accurately measuring host cell DNA content within biologics. We explore the two primary qPCR chemistries employed for host cell DNA detection, each offering distinct advantages and considerations. One approach utilizes fluorescent-quencher probes, ensuring exceptional specificity in targeting host cell DNA, while the other method leverages intercalating dyes, offering a cost-effective solution.

Furthermore, the article explores the role of bioassays in comprehensively evaluating biopharmaceutical quality. These biological assays assess a drug's potency and potential for adverse reactions, providing a vital layer of quality control.

Finally, we introduce Micro-Flow Imaging (MFI) as a powerful tool for identifying and quantifying sub-visible particles within biopharmaceuticals. MFI's ability to analyze particle size, concentration, and morphology safeguards product stability and integrity throughout the manufacturing process.

Review the critical measures employed to ensure the safety and efficacy of life-saving biopharmaceuticals.

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